American Minute with Bill Federer
In the 3rd century, Emperor Claudius II was faced with defending the Roman Empire
from the invading Goths.
He believed single men made better soldiers so he temporarily forbade marriage.
He also forced the Senate to deify the former Emperor Gallienus, including him with
the Roman gods to be worshipped.
Legend has it that Valentine was a bishop in Italy who risked the Emperor's wrath by
refusing to worship idols and for secretly marrying young couples.
Saint Valentine was dragged before the Prefect of Rome, who condemned him to be
beaten to death with clubs and have his head cut off, FEBRUARY 14, 269AD.
While awaiting execution, it is said he prayed for the jailers' sick daughter, who
He wrote her a note and signed it, "from your Valentine."
In 496 AD, Pope Gelasius designated February 14th as "Saint Valentine's Day."
Signing an X for a kiss began in Medieval times where those who could not write
marked a criss-cross or "Christ's cross" in the presence of witnesses and kissed it to show
The X, or Chi symbol, was the Greek letter used to represent the name of Christ, as X-Mas
for Christmas, and was used as a written form of the oath "So help me God."